In Defense of “Raiders of the Lost Ark”

It may seem that one of the most perfect and beloved films ever made–Raiders of the Lost Ark–needs no defenses since, y’know, who doesn’t love it?

But as it happens there is a subculture of film nerdery that just can’t seem to be happy with anything, not even the most perfect adventure story ever made.

The complaint is that Indiana Jones essentially contributes nothing to the story since, if you took him out of it completely, the Ark would still have been found by the Nazis, opened, melted their faces off, and not been turned into a super-weapon by the Third Reich in any case. Indeed, goes the argument, it might have been taken to Berlin and opened in front of Hitler, High Party Functionaries, and the German High Command, with entertaining results.

The trouble with this complaint, made most famous by The Big Bang Theory, a show that wonderfully celebrates the socially unskilled, is that it demonstrates that the socially unskilled are sometimes… well, socially unskilled. In particular, what the criticism is blind to is the fact that the film is not really about solving the puzzle of how to get the Ark out of the hands of Nazis. Indeed, it’s not really about the Ark at all. It’s about Indy:

Indiana Jones has no effect on the outcome of Raiders of the Lost Ark because that’s not the story of Raiders of the Lost Ark. That would be Indy’s emotional arc, crystal clear from the moment we meet him. That opening trek through the trap-filled temple is masterful stage-setting, but its undercurrent is what it eventually tells us about Indiana Jones. “I had it in my hand,” he tells Marcus Brody (Denholm Elliott), ignoring the several dozens times he almost died while also tying the historic significance of the find to his own personal glory. Ford’s charms always smooth the character’s edges, but my guy opens this film as the dictionary definition of cocksure. No man in history has ever been more sure of the cock. Ford pulls off a wonderful transition between Indy explaining the Ark’s mythology to two Army Intelligence agents—scholarly and buttoned-up, selling the awe of the artifact—and the very next scene. My guy is in a damn bathrobe, itching for Brody to say he’s got another chance to make archaeological history. He straight-up laughs off the “taking on a well-funded battalion of Nazis” aspect of the mission because he packed the good revolver. More importantly, he scoffs at the purported power of the Ark. “You know I don’t believe in magic, a lot of superstitious hocus-pocus,” he tells Brody. “I’m going after a find of incredible historical significance, you’re talking about the boogie man.”

The entire rest of the film is nature, mankind, and God himself saying “Indy don’t do this” and Indy doing it anyway. “If it is there at Tanis, then it is something that man was not meant to disturb. Death has always surrounded it,” Sallah (John Rhys-Davies) tells Jones, seconds before a Nazi monkey eats a poisoned date, universally recognized as A Bad Sign. Uncharacteristic lightning crackles over Cairo as Indy gets punched, shot at, walloped, and otherwise tossed around, but the shining thought of the Ark at the end of the road keeps him persevering well beyond what a body should handle. It’s incredibly endearing—it’s why we love Indiana Jones!—but it’s also one step to the left of madness. Belloq (Paul Freeman) tells him as much, in a classic we-are-not-so-different-you-and-I speech. Indiana Jones is handsome, charming, and comes with the tremendous benefit of being played by Harrison Ford, but he’s still a human wrecking ball who comes to other counties and cultures and causes an absolute ruckus under the guise of archeology. Boiled down, he’s one desperate decision away from becoming a villain.

“Archeology is our religion, yet we have fallen from the pure faith,” Belloq says. “Our methods have not differed as much as you pretend. I am but a shadowy reflection of you. It would take only a nudge to make you like me. To push you out of the light.”

That is what makes the climactic Ark-opening scene so powerful. There’s no real indication of why Indy tells Marion (Karen Allen) to close her eyes because it’s an act of pure faith; it’s a man who didn’t believe in “superstitious hocus-pocus” recognizing he’s in the presence of something tremendously beyond himself. More than that, it’s something he can’t just bullrush his way through. In that moment, Spielberg and George Lucas‘ vision of a modernized 1920s adventure serial is solidified, because it’s the type of vulnerable character development never afforded to the he-man heroes of old, the ones who simply kicked ass and rescued damsels. Instead, Indiana Jones closes his eyes, and Belloq, the man who stubbornly stuck to his ways, gets his face blown off like a faulty Roman candle.

To be clear, this all also 100% does have an effect on the film’s ending, it’s just way more cynical an ending than nostalgia might allow you to remember. (As Spielberg’s career progressed it became more and more obvious this was no accident.) Sure, without Indy, the Nazis might have brought the Ark back home and blown the Third Reich to pieces, and that’s pretty fun to think about. But Indy (and, by extension, America) did intervene, and now the most powerful artifact on the face of the Earth—one that didn’t belong to the U.S. in the first place—sits useless in a warehouse, America deciding to squash a culture instead of study it. It’s the sketchy, invasive undercurrent of the Indiana Jones character writ large, but as Indy walks away with Marion as the credits roll, he’s a part of it no longer.

This is all to say, “Indiana Jones Doesn’t Matter” isn’t annoying because it’s “wrong”—Indiana Jones is not directly responsible for a Nazi regiment being struck down by the wrath of God, this is true—but because it’s emblematic of the type of I-must-be-smarter-than-the-movie criticism that’s ruining the way we talk about movies. It’s almost designed to miss the point. It’s the film-as-riddle mindset that first formed alongside the birth of the internet, but really crystalized into something insidious somewhere between the mid-point of Lost and the exact moment Inception cut to black. “Indiana Jones Doesn’t Matter” is the personification of the idea films and television shows are something to be solved instead of felt; that stories are static objects made of ones-and-zeroes and to remove the flawed piece of data sends the whole thing crumbling. (Thus making you The Internet’s Smartest Boi that day.) But movies are, in Roger Ebert‘s words, “machines that generate empathy“; whether it’s a quiet character study or a globe-trotting adventure, the joy comes from living another life for a few hours. That is the result of character, not plot, and Indiana Jones is the type of character whose arc is supposed to have holes.

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11 Responses

  1. Indy isn’t an archeologist. He’s a looter.
    Prove me wrong.

    – joel

      1. Dude, I know, and it’s not even a serious dramatic movie at that. This may surprise you, but I am actually capable of enjoying popcorn films on occasion.
        But years ago I had a couple friends who were archeologists, and they both assured me that every archeologist HATES the Indiana Jones films.

        – Joel

      2. “But years ago I had a couple friends who were archeologists, and they both assured me that every archeologist HATES the Indiana Jones films.”

        Yeah they do I’m sure, just like real spies no doubt hate the old James Bond treatment of their profession by a character who spends his days drinking martinis and being a Don Juan.

        But you know in both cases the hate comes from just a little bit of envy too!

        Harrison Ford also made for a very unrealistic Amishman in Witness, but come on, it’s Harrison Ford. How can anyone not love the guy. Back then at least, he made anything look cool and it was just too hard not to like the guy and admire him. I’m just glad he didn’t play Amon Goth (the commandant of the concentration camp in Schindler’s List). That could have been a little hard to process.

    1. You ought to take a look at the photos of Sophia Schliemann wearing the Treasures of Troy, or read about early Egyptologists — archeology was not always totally scientific and high minded.

      Which is not to your point actually, but this is. Indiana Jones is neither a looter nor an archeologist. He’s a hero in the Swashbuckler mode. Not a lot of character development or depth or, y’know, actual reality? Just entertainment value.

      1. Yah, archeology in the 19th century was not much different from looting. But Indiana Jones is supposedly happening in the 1940’s, and by that time most archeologists would at least try to accurately record the context of a piece before stealing it.
        I’ll grant that Indy swashes his buckle with panache. Most archeologists today, however, just wish the film makers had presented him as a mercenary or something rather than an archeologist.

        – joel

    2. That’s how archeologists rolled in those days. That doesn’t make it right, but if you want to do a film with any historic accuracy, that’s what goes on.

  2. I *knew* there was a reason I didn’t particularly care for “The Big Bang Theory…”

    The Indiana Jones franchise was a part of forming my great fascination with ancient civilizations. Other influences were nerd culture itself (fantasy, sci-fi), and occasional documentaries on PBS and the Discovery channels.

  3. When much of life can be just a big blur, I like it when a good movie or series jars me into thinking something about myself or humanity that causes such an impression that I never forget it. I remember sitting in the theater as a little kid watching that gigantic rolling boulder scene in Raiders, thinking, “I’d never make it” and “how quick is death by boulder roll?” It gave me lingering feelings of self reproach for being a weakling or a hothouse flower. I wonder if the Indiana Joneses of the fantasy world actually do more harm than good for the fragile male psyche. Regardless, it was definitely a top three pick of my favorite movies at the time.

    The Big Bang Theory on the other hand, is pure genius. I remember when it came to me like a lightning bolt that a robust percentage of the guys on the Catholic internet, are just Sheldon, enforcing the famous “roommate agreement”. They just can’t help it.

    My sixth kid has some Sheldonesque tendencies. Thankfully he has five brothers and two sisters to tell him to STFU when he really needs it. My husband and I look at each other from time to time and shuddering a bit say, “can you even IMAGINE if he’d been an ONLY child?” and yes, he might end up at CalTech studying physics.

  4. It’s kind of embarrassing that this criticism of Raiders exists. The Ark is the “MacGuffin.” We’ve had the concept of MacGuffins identified and named for a century. Hitchcock popularized the term. It refers to an object that the protagonist and antagonist chase, but which the audience doesn’t (or shouldn’t) care about all that much. The point of the story is the human conflict over the MacGuffin, the hero’s journey.

    If you’re doing any kind of critique of narratives, it’s bizarre not to see a MacGuffin and then complain that it is not, by iteself, important. Of course it isn’t important. It’s the MacGuffin.

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